ON THIS DAY – July 24, 1884

The adjourned inquest on the body of Peter M’Ansh who was found shot dead near the Boundary-road Hotel, Lancefield on July 24 was resumed yesterday. William O’Brien, who is charged with the murder, was present in custody today. Jeremiah O’Brien, his son, in custody as an accessory, was discharged and put in the witness box. The evidence showed that O’Brlen had ill-feeling against M’Ansh, who occupied land formerly owned by O’Brien. Circumstantial proof strongly pointed that O’Brien fired the fatal shot. The inquest was adjourned until today.

Six mass murders, with a total of 43 victims, occurred between 1990 and 1997.

David Gray

Thirteen people were killed in Aramoana in 1990 by 33-year-old David Gray, including police constable Stewart Guthrie. During a siege the next day, Gray was shot dead by police.

Brian Schlaepfer

In 1992 in Paerātā, south of Auckland, 64-year-old Brian Schlaepfer murdered his wife, his three sons, the wife of one of his sons and a grandson. He then killed himself. Schlaepfer’s granddaughter Linda survived the killings by barricading herself in a bedroom.

Raymond Ratima

Seven members of his family were killed in Masterton by 25-year-old Raymond Ratima in 1992, including three of his own children. Ratima and his wife were having problems in their relationship, and were living with her parents. He was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Bain family killings

Five members of the Bain family were killed in Dunedin in 1994. In 1995 22-year-old David Bain, the only survivor, was convicted of murdering his mother, his father, his two sisters and his younger brother. He was sentenced to life imprisonment with a 16-year non-parole period.

From the start there was controversy over whether David was responsible or whether his father had killed the others and then shot himself. After an appeal to the Privy Council succeeded in 2007, there was a retrial in the Christchurch High Court and Bain was acquitted in 2009.

Alan Lory

Six residents of the New Empire Hotel in Hamilton died when Alan Lory (41) set fire to the building in 1995. Lory was acquitted of murder but convicted of manslaughter and arson, and sentenced to life imprisonment. Lory was released in 2009.

Stephen Anderson

22-year-old Stephen Anderson killed six people and wounded another eight at a ski lodge in Raurimu, south-east of Taumarunui, on 8 February 1997. Some of the dead were family and friends who had been invited to join the Anderson family for the weekend. Found to be legally insane, Anderson was committed to secure psychiatric care. He was freed from care in 2009 but recalled in 2011. He was again released and worked as a tutor at a Wellington art school, but lost his job after his position was the subject of a 2014 newspaper article.


Why the 1990s generated so many mass murders is a difficult question to answer. During this decade and the previous one, a spate of ‘amok’ murders occurred in America, Europe and Australia. Similar events in New Zealand were part of this global trend. Researchers have suggested that high levels of unemployment, economic instability and growing social inequality during these decades may have contributed to the clustering of mass murders in New Zealand in the 1990s.
Stephen Anderson, Alan Lory, Bain family killings, Raymond Ratima, David Gray, Brian Schlaepfer, New Zealand, Six Mass Murders

On This Day – July 23, 1950

Allegations that Raymond Murray Baillie, 43, military pensioner, killed his wife and wounded his two sons with a rifle on July 23 last were made in the Criminal Court yesterday.

Baillie, of Nicholson-street, North Fitzroy, pleaded not guilty to the murder of his wife, Laurel, Frances Baillie. Outlining the case for the Crown before the Chief Justice (Sir Edmund Herring) and a jury, Mr. F. Nelson said Baillie had determined to resolve his domestic difficulties by ending the lives of his wife and sons, and then, ending his own life.  This determination was not fulfilled, because he was disarmed by his sons.  Mr. Nelson said there had apparently been domestic difficulties between Baillie and his wife and sons, aged 17 and 20 years, for some time before July 23. On the night in question the mother and sons decided to leave him and were packing suitcases, when Baillie got a rifle and shot his wife in their bedroom. He levelled the rifle at his two sons, one of whom was shot in the shoulder, and the other in the chest.

“We’re Leaving”

In a statement alleged to have been made to the police, Mr. Nelson said Baillie said his sons and wife started to abuse him, and his wife said to the boys; “Come on. Pack up, boys; we’re leaving.” In the alleged statement Baillie said he picked up a loaded rifle. He did not take aim, but pulled the trigger and the gun went off. He said his wife fell on the floor, and he went out to shoot himself. He realised the boys were going to attack him, so he fired three or four shots. The boys took the rifle from him and prevented him from carrying out his intention to shoot himself. Vance Baillie, who was wounded in the shoulder, said he was wakened by an argument between his mother and father, and went to his father’s bedroom after the argument quietened. He said his mother pushed his father through a window. After some discussion with his mother and brother they decided to pack and leave the home. Shortly afterwards he heard a shot and a groan. He and his brother rushed along the passage. There was a shot, and his brother fell.

Hit in Shoulder

Vance Baillie said he jumped for the kitchen door, and a shot hit him in the shoulder. Cross-examined by Mr. R. V. Monahan, K.C., for the father, Vance Baillie said, as far as he could remember, he had only “belted” his father once. About 18 months ago, he said, he got a Judo hold on his father and tossed him over his head on to a brick wall. The incident had followed a fight between his father and grandfather. He agreed with Mr. Monahan that at one time he had said he would kill his father. The hearing will be continued today.Mr. Mr. F. Nelson appeared for the Crown. . Mr. R. V. Monahan. K.C.. with Mr. J. P. Moloney (Instructed Dy Mr. R. Dunn), appeared for Baillie.

List of Australian mass killings in order of victims

1850 – Gippsland massacres – VIC (1000)
1916 – Mowla Bluff massacre – WA (400)
1834 – Convincing Ground massacre – Vic (200)
1928 – Coniston massacre – NT (170)
1868 – Flying Foam massacre – WA (150)
1878 – Palmer massacre – QLD (150)
1628 – Shipwreck of the Batavia – WA (110)
1838 – Slaughterhouse Creek massacre – NSW (70)
1834 – Pinjarra Massacre – WA (40)
1839 – Murdering Gully massacre – Vic (40)
1839 – Campaspe Plains massacre – Vic (40)
1996 – Port Arthur massacre – Tas (35)
1828 – Cape Grim massacre – Tas (30)
1838 – Myall Creek massacre – NSW (30)
1840 – Maria massacred – SA (25)
1861 – Cullin-La-Ringo massacre – QLD (19)
2000 – Childers Palace Backpackers fire – QLD (15)
1973 – Whiskey Au Go Go nightclub fire – QLD (15)
1926 – Forrest River massacre – WA (11)
2011 – Quakers Hill Nursing Home Fire – NSW (11)
1971 – Hope Forest massacre – SA (10)
2009 – Churchill Fire – Vic (10)
1987 – Queen Street massacre – Vic (8)
2014 – Cairns child killings – QLD (8)
1984 – Milperra massacre – NSW (7)
1987 – Hoddle Street massacre – Vic (7)
1991 – Strathfield massacre – NSW (7)
1911 – Ching family murders – QLD (6)
1988 – Oenpelli shootings – NT (6)
1992 – Central Coast massacre – NSW (6)
1996 – Hillcrest Murders – QLD (6)
1981 – Campsie murders – NSW (5 )
1984 – Wahroonga murders – NSW (5)
1987 – Top End Shooting – NT (5)
1987 – Canley Vale Huynh family murders – NSW (5)
1990 – Surry Hills shootings – NSW (5)
1993 – Cangai siege – NSW (5)
2009 – Lin family murders – NSW (5)
2014 – Hunt family murders – NSW (5)
1915 – Broken Hill massacre – NSW (4)
2011 – Hectorville siege – SA (3)
2014 – Logan shooting – Vic (3)
2014 – Sydney Siege – NSW (3)
2002 – Monash University Shooting – Vic (2)

List of Australia Serial Killers and the number of victims.

Dennis Bruce Allen – Vic (13)
Andy Albury – NT (13)
John Bunting, Robert Joe Wagner – SA (12)
Clifford Cecil Bartholomew – SA (10)
Eric Edgar Cooke – WA (8)
Alexander Pearce – Tas (7)
Ivan Milat – NSW (7)
Leonard Fraser – Qld (7)
Christopher Worrell and James Miller – SA (7)
Paul Steven Haigh – Vic (7)
Frederick Bailey Deeming – Vic (6)
John Glover – NSW (6)
Thomas Jeffries – Tas (5)
William MacDonald – NSW (5)
Josef Thomas Schwab – NT (5)
Martha Needle – Vic (5)
Lindsay Robert Rose – NSW (5)
Elmer Kyle Crawford -Vic (5)
Arnold Sodeman – Vic (4)
Joel Teicher – Vic (4)
David John Birnie, Catherine Margaret Birnie – WA (4)
Bandali Michael Debs – Vic (4)
Reginald Kenneth Arthurell – NSW (4)
Peter Dupas – Vic (3)
Gregory John ‘Bluey’ Brazel – Vic (3)
Martha Rendell – WA (3)
Edward Joseph Leonski – Vic (3)
Caroline Mickelson – NSW (3)
Matthew James Harris – NSW (3)
Paul Charles Denyer – Vic (3)
Richard Edward Dorrough – WA (3)
Leslie Camilleri’s – Vic (3)
Ashley Coulston – Vic (3)
John Coombes – Vic (3)
Bevan Spencer von Einem – SA (3)
Ashley Coulston -Vic (3)

ON THIS DAY – July 23, 1902

A lad named Arnold Egglestone was committed for trial at Creswick on a charge of murdering Ah Sin, a Chinese, on July 23. The story of the prosecution is that accused, who is alleged to have attempted to criminally assault a girl, aged twelve years and nine months, a week before, shot the Chinese to obtain money to get away. Bail was refused.

International research has found a number of common characteristics among serial killers and their murders:

• serial murder is predominantly committed by white/Caucasian males of moderate to high intelligence.
• serial killers are usually aged in their mid-twenties with a mean age of 30, and the typical age range between 25 and 40 years.
• serial killings are usually intra-racial.
• serial killers are more likely to act alone.
• serial killers most commonly use strangulation or beating as a means of killing.
• male serial killers are more likely to use strangulation, stabbing, ligature weapons, hands or feet (beating), cause injury to victim’s head and genitalia (anus), bind victims and sexually assault victims.
• female serial killers are relatively uncommon – an overseas study of 200 serial killers found 12 to 17 percent were women.
• female serial killers were motivated by a need for financial security, revenge, enjoyment, and sexual stimulation.
• female serial killers who act alone are more likely to use poison as a method of killing.
• serial killers usually premeditate their crimes, frequently fantasising and planning with detail, including the specific victim.
• serial killers are likely to use similar event locations (but different physical locations) for their crimes, move the body from one location to another and dispose of the body in remote locations.

ON THIS DAY – July 22, 1914


Brunswick Court was crowded on July 22 when Frank White, 22, a wood machinist, appeared on remand on a charge of having inflicted grievous bodily harm upon Richard Wood, baker, of Audley street. East Brunswick, on Saturday night, July 11. The charge was altered to one of murder, and White was further remanded. The Bench was occupied by Mr Read Murphv. P.M. (chairman), and Messrs Allard, Dowsley and Fleming-. J’s.P. Sergeant P. McLoughlin stated that Wood had died in the Melbourne Hospital as the result of depressed fracture of the skull, alleged to have been caused by a blow with a bottle from White.  Mr R. G. Greene applied to Mr Justice Hodges, in the Supreme Court, for bail, which had been refused by the Brunswick magistrates. Bail was granted in two sureties of £5 00 each, and White’s own bond of £1000.

ON THIS DAY – July 22, 1922


The second trial was concluded of Reuben Fox, aged 26 years, who was charged with the murder of Mrs Josephine McLaughlin on July 22. Mrs McLaughlin was murdered returning from a ball In the Yea Shire Hall. The body was then placed in the river. After a retirement of over seven hours, the foreman of the jury announced that an agreement could not be reached, and they were discharged. A third trial was then ordered.

ON THIS DAY – July 22, 1988


CONVICTED murderer Alex Tsakmakis’s brutal killing earned very little sympathy among his fellow inmates.  Before we was clobbered to death behind bars, he too had carried out a prison killing. Before coming to police attention, Alex Tsakmakis appeared to be a company director and Ivanhoe family man. But his actions made him nothing but pure evil. Tskamakis, 40, was defenceless when he was attacked from behind on July 22, 1988. Taking lunch to a group of prisoners in the maximum security industry yard at about 11.30am, he was beaten on the back of the head by Russell St bomber Craig Minogue, 26. Tsakmakis remained standing at the first blow, but fell on the second. He was hit up to seven times with a pillow case full of 5kg gym weights and suffered a fractured skull and brain damage. Despite being given immediate medical attention and being rushed to hospital, he died six days later. Minogue received a second murder conviction but because he is serving it concurrently with his Russell St bombing sentence he has been given just three more months for Tskamakis’s death. The sentencing judge, Justice George Hampel believed Tskamakis’s life was not worth any more than that. At the time Minogue said he had killed Tskamakis in self defence because feared he would have been Tsakmakis’s next victim. Minogue will be eligible for parole in 2016.

IT is not known the exact number of people the Victoria-born man killed, but he has admitted to at least 13 murders. Albury first came to police attention in 1983 when he used a broken bottle to mutilate an Aboriginal woman, Gloria Pindan, on Mitchell Street in Darwin. Drunk at the time, Albury had taken off his bloodied cowboy shirt and threw it in a nearby bin. It would lead police directly to him. Albury quickly confessed, telling police he kicked her, hit her then used a broken stubbie beer bottle top to cut her. He cut off her nipples and ripped her eye out. Albury claimed he was 15 when he killed his first victim – a 14-year-old boy who he buried under a boat shed on the Mornington Peninsula, and that he was also involved in “family” killings in South Australia. A South Australian fisherman was another victim, who Albury claimed to have hacked to death with a machete before he tossed the body into the Port Adelaide River. He also claimed to have used a bottle of poisoned alcohol to kill three Aboriginal people in the Todd River in Alice Springs in 1981. And he also claimed to fatally stomping sleeping pensioner Alfred Beales in the same river bed. Detectives from New South Wales, South Australia, Queensland and Victoria have interviewed Albury about a dozen unsolved murders since 1976 but most claims had been disproved. One case that Albury admitted to being involved in was the murder of Aboriginal woman Patricia Carlton in Mt Isa in 1983. Carlton’s husband Kelvin Condren initially received a life sentence for the murder, but was released after Albury confessed to killing an Aboriginal woman at the same time. It was later proven that Albury had been in town and left the night of the murder. Supreme Court Justice Martin called Albury an extremely dangerous man with a casual disregard for the act of killing. “He has a fantasy about terrorising a town by committing casual, motiveless murder for the purpose of making people frightened that they may be the next to be killed,” Martin said. A prison psychiatrist described Albury as an above-average intelligence, who enjoys the reputation of a ‘monster’. Being locked away in jail didn’t stop Albury from his reign of terror. Albury put a garden hoe through the head of child molester John Michael Knox, and after being transferred to Alice Springs prison, he struck another inmate in the head with a cricket bat, cracking his skull. He also sent death threats written in blood to Northern Territory ministers. Albury was diagnosed with both psychopathic personality disorder and schizophrenia, which is the reason why he hasn’t been tried for a number of other murders he has confessed to around Australia. His murders have been attributed to his violent upbringing, as well as a hatred of Aboriginal people. Despite spending most of his childhood on the Mornington Peninsula, he had attended Nightcliff Primary School for a short time in his youth but was deemed “uncontrollable”.


MURDERED ON THIS DAY ……….. 21st July 2003

Small time drug dealer Willie Thompson, 39, was killed on 21 July while sitting in his car after leaving a karate club in Chadstone. Police say the gunman strolled up to the car and shot Thompson dead before escaping with a second person in a stolen Ford sedan. Some bullets were lodged in nearby shops. Thompson’s official occupation was a lollipop vendor inside nightclubs, and a police report said he had recently developed an enemy with Nik Radev.