Stuffed Mushroom – Joseph Lyons 10th Prime Minister of Australia

1 lb mushrooms
1/2 cup breadcrumbs
1/2 lb sausage meat

Select fine large mushrooms and remove steams and stuff them with a mixture of pork sausage and breadcrumbs.

Brown the round sides of the mushrooms in hot fat in a frypan, turn them very carefully and cook slowly on the flat, open side.

ON THIS DAY…… 11th November 1975

Only Australian Prime Minister sack – Gough Whitlam

Edward Gough Whitlam, born on 11 July 1916, became the 21st Prime Minister of Australia on 2 December 1972. It was the first ALP electoral victory since 1946. The Whitlam government embarked on a massive legislative social reform program which was forward-thinking and progressive in many ways. Whilst initially popular, the fast pace of reform engendered caution amongst the electorate, and the economy was beset by high inflation combined with economic stagnation. These conditions were the catalyst to the Australian constitutional crisis of 1975. The opposition Liberal-National Country Party coalition held a majority in the Senate, the upper house of Parliament. In an unprecedented move, the Senate deferred voting on bills that appropriated funds for government expenditure, attempting to force the Prime Minister to dissolve the House of Representatives and call an election. The Whitlam government ignored the warnings, and sought alternative means of appropriating the funds it needed to repay huge debts. With Whitlam unable to secure the necessary funds, the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr, dismissed Whitlam as Prime Minister on 11 November 1975, and appointed Liberal opposition leader Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister. This was done on the condition that Fraser would seek a dissolution of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, thus precipitating a general election.

Devilled oysters – Alfred Deakin

1 pint oysters.
1/4 cup butter.
1/4 cup flour.
1/4 cup milk.
Yolk 1 egg.
1/2 tablespoon finely chopped parsley.
1/2 teaspoon salt.
Few grains cayenne.
1 teaspoon lemon juice.
Buttered cracker crumbs.
Clean and drain oysters, before slicing into small portions.

Make a sauce by melting butter, then adding flour and milk, while mixing well. Add egg yolk, seasonings, and oysters.

Arrange buttered scallop shells in a dripping-pan, half fill with mixture, and cover with buttered crumbs.

Bake for twelve to fifteen minutes in a warm oven, 180 degrees. Deep oyster shells may be used in place of scallop shells.

On this day ………… 5th November 1898

Mr. Edmond Barton the first Prime Minister of Australia, fell over a heap of road metal on Circular Quay, Sydney and fractured his left elbow and severely wrenched his left arm. The doctors set the limb. He was unable to leave his house for several days.

On this day …….. 31st of October 1878

Proclamation by Governor George Bowen declaring Ned and Dan Kelly outlaws
In response to the public outrage at the murder of police officers, the reward was raised to £500 and, on 31 October 1878, the Victorian Parliament passed the Felons’ Apprehension Act, coming into effect on 1 November 1878, which outlawed the gang and made it possible for anyone to shoot them: There was no need for the outlaws to be arrested or for there to be a trial upon apprehension (the act was based on the 1865 act passed in New South Wales which declared Ben Hall and his gang outlaws). The act also penalized anyone who harbored, gave “any aid, shelter or sustenance” to the outlaws or withheld or gave false information about them to the authorities. Punishment was “imprisonment with or without hard labour for such period not exceeding fifteen years.” With this new act in place, on 4 November 1878, warrants were issued against the four members of the Kelly gang. The deadline for their voluntary surrender was set at 12 November 1878.


On this day …….. 29th of October 1952

On the 29th of October 1952 Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced that ‘this is the first day in the history of the Federal Parliament in which William Morris Hughes has not sat as a member’. The day earlier Billy Hughes (William Morris Hughes) former 7th Prime Minister of Australia died at the age of 90. Over the course of his 58-year federal parliamentary career, Hughes changed parties five times: from Labor (1901–16) to National Labor (1916–17) to Nationalist (1917–30) to Australian (1930–31) to United Australia (1931–44) to Liberal (1944–52). He was the 7th Prime Minister from 1915 to 1923.


On this day …….. 28th of October 1916

Billy Hughes, Australia’s 7th Prime Minister, most controversial policies was conscription, an issue which not only created a rift in the Labor Party, but divided the young nation as well. On 28 October 1916, the first referendum to introduce compulsory military enlistment into World War 1 was voted on, and narrowly defeated. Two weeks later, on 13 November, the Labor Party expelled Hughes over his support for conscription. However, just a few days earlier Hughes had formed the Nationalist Party which incorporated both expelled Labor Party members and members of the opposition. Hughes formed a new cabinet and remained as Prime Minister, a position he retained until 1923.


On this day …….. 24th of October 1937

Joseph Lyons 5th Prime Minster of Australia, on this day in 1937, knocked down and slightly injured a cyclist in High-street, Launceston, Tasmania. Mr Lyons offered to drive the man home, but he refused, saying, that the Prime Minister had a lot ahead that day. However the man accepted Mr. Lyons’s offer to pay for the repairing to his bike.


On this day …….. 4th of October 1937

On the way from Casino to Byron Bay, New South Wales, on this day in 1937 the 10th Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons had his third escape from accident on his election tour. Near Bangalow a car swung wide on a bend, and Mr. Lyons’s car almost went over an embankment.


On this day …….. 30th September 1813

The coins “holey dollar” and “dump” were created by punching the centre out of Spanish dollars. The external circle was the “holey dollar” and the punched-out inner circle was the “dump”. They were only ever used in New South Wales, Australia, and on Prince Edward Island, Canada. In 1813, Governor Lachlan Macquarie faced the problem of currency shortages in the young colony of New South Wales. When the British Government sent £10,000 worth of Spanish dollars (40,000 Spanish dollars) to New South Wales, Maquarie took the initiative to create “holey dollars” and “dumps”. The dumps were assigned a value of 15 pence and were restruck with a crown on the obverse side and the denomination on the reverse. The dollars were worth 5 shillings, and were stamped with “New South Wales 1813” around the hole. The coins were released on 30 September 1813. The holey dollar became the first official currency produced specifically for circulation in Australia. The coins were replaced by sterling coinage from 1822.

On this day …….. 29th September 1920

The 7th Prime Minister of Australia Mr W. M.Hughes met with an accident, fortunately unattended by serious consequences, on this day in 1920. The Prime Minister was riding with a member of his staff in Centennial Park, Sydney. Setting his horse at a gallop, Mr Hughes left his companion behind. A few minutes afterwards he was seen to fall off his horse. It was found that one of the stirrup-irons had carried away. The Prime Minister was rendered unconscious for 3 minutes, but rapidly recovered, and motored back to the city. Where he sequently attended a complimentary luncheon at Paris House, and went through the day’s engagements. Beyond a slight abrasion on the bridge of the nose, Mr Hughes, who returned to Melbourne, showed no signs of his accident. His general demeanour for the rest of the day, however, was evidence of the fact that he had been considerably shaken.


On this day …….. 23rd September 1965

Roma Flinders Mitchell was born in Adelaide on 2 October 1913. She was educated at St Aloysius Convent College, Adelaide, and held ambitions from a young age to be a barrister. She excelled at Adelaide University, and her involvement in student politics led to her being a pioneer for women’s rights when she was denied entrance to the Law Students’ Society because she was a woman. This event led to the formation of the Women Law Students’ Society. Roma Mitchell was admitted to the Bar in 1934, and became a partner in the legal firm of Nelligan, Angas Parsons and Mitchell in 1935. She continued to excel in her career, an example of which was in 1940 when she was instrumental in assisting the drafting of the Guardianship of Infants Act, passed later that year by the South Australian Parliament. On 23 September 1965, Mitchell was made a Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia, the first Australian woman to achieve this position. Pioneering the Australian women’s rights movement, Mitchell was also the first woman in Australia to be a Queen’s Counsel (1962) and a chancellor of an Australian university, being Chancellor of the University of Adelaide from 1983-1990. As Governor of South Australia from 1991-1996, she also became the first woman Governor of an Australian state. In 1982 Roma Mitchell became a Dame Commander of the British Empire.