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List of Australian mass killings in order of victims

1850 – Gippsland massacres – VIC (1000)
1916 – Mowla Bluff massacre – WA (400)
1834 – Convincing Ground massacre – Vic (200)
1928 – Coniston massacre – NT (170)
1868 – Flying Foam massacre – WA (150)
1878 – Palmer massacre – QLD (150)
1628 – Shipwreck of the Batavia – WA (110)
1838 – Slaughterhouse Creek massacre – NSW (70)
1834 – Pinjarra Massacre – WA (40)
1839 – Murdering Gully massacre – Vic (40)
1839 – Campaspe Plains massacre – Vic (40)
1996 – Port Arthur massacre – Tas (35)
1828 – Cape Grim massacre – Tas (30)
1838 – Myall Creek massacre – NSW (30)
1840 – Maria massacred – SA (25)
1861 – Cullin-La-Ringo massacre – QLD (19)
2000 – Childers Palace Backpackers fire – QLD (15)
1973 – Whiskey Au Go Go nightclub fire – QLD (15)
1926 – Forrest River massacre – WA (11)
2011 – Quakers Hill Nursing Home Fire – NSW (11)
1971 – Hope Forest massacre – SA (10)
2009 – Churchill Fire – Vic (10)
1987 – Queen Street massacre – Vic (8)
2014 – Cairns child killings – QLD (8)
1984 – Milperra massacre – NSW (7)
1987 – Hoddle Street massacre – Vic (7)
1991 – Strathfield massacre – NSW (7)
1911 – Ching family murders – QLD (6)
1988 – Oenpelli shootings – NT (6)
1992 – Central Coast massacre – NSW (6)
1996 – Hillcrest Murders – QLD (6)
1981 – Campsie murders – NSW (5 )
1984 – Wahroonga murders – NSW (5)
1987 – Top End Shooting – NT (5)
1987 – Canley Vale Huynh family murders – NSW (5)
1990 – Surry Hills shootings – NSW (5)
1993 – Cangai siege – NSW (5)
2009 – Lin family murders – NSW (5)
2014 – Hunt family murders – NSW (5)
1915 – Broken Hill massacre – NSW (4)
2011 – Hectorville siege – SA (3)
2014 – Logan shooting – Vic (3)
2014 – Sydney Siege – NSW (3)
2002 – Monash University Shooting – Vic (2)

On this day …….. 18th of October 1928

The Coniston Massacre was the last known massacre of Australian Aborigines. Occurring at Coniston cattle station, Northern Territory, Australia, it was a revenge killing for the death of dingo hunter Frederick Brooks, who was believed to have been killed by Aborigines in August 1928. Constable William Murray, officer in charge at Barrow Creek, investigated and came to the conclusion that the killing had been done by members of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye people. There were no witnesses, and apparent inconsistencies in Murray’s report were never questioned. Murray took matters into his own hand. Over the next few days, up until 30 August, he shot 17 members of the Aboriginal tribes he believed were responsible, and claimed his actions were made in self-defence and that each tribal member he had killed was in possession of some item belonging to Brooks. In the ensuing weeks, Murray again encountered several groups of Aborigines while investigating another non-fatal attack on a settler named Nugget Morton at Broadmeadows Station. Together with Morton, one other white man and an aboriginal boy, Murray embarked on a campaign of revenge, during which another 14 Aborigines were killed. He returned to Alice Springs with his report on 18 October 1928. Murray was never punished for his actions. On the contrary, the Board of Enquiry members were selected to maximise damage-control. It was believed at the time that Murray’s actions were appropriate for the circumstances. The Central Land Council organised the seventy-fifth anniversary of the massacre, commemorated near Yuendumu on 24 September 2003.

 

On This Day ….. 14th August 1928

The Coniston massacre, which took place from 14 August to 18 October 1928 near the Coniston cattle station in Northern Territory, Australia, was the last known officially sanctioned massacre of Indigenous Australians and one of the last events of the Australian Frontier Wars. People of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye groups were killed. The massacre occurred in revenge for the death of dingo hunter Frederick Brooks, killed by Aboriginal people in August 1928 at a place now known as Yukurru, (also known as Brooks Soak). Official records at the time stated that 31 people were killed. The owner of Coniston station, Randall Stafford, was a member of the punitive party for the first few days and estimated that at least twice that number were killed between 14 August and 1 September. Historians estimate that at least 60 and as many as 110 Aboriginal men, women and children were killed. The Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye believe that up to 170 died between 14 August and 18 October.

The Board of Enquiry found that Murray and his party had acted in self-defence. The Board and its findings were widely criticised for having no Aboriginal witnesses except the tracker Paddy, no counsel for Aboriginal people, and that the evidence was not made public. The loss of so many people has long been a cause of deep sadness to Aboriginal people in the region. The lack of acknowledgment by the non-Aboriginal community of what occurred during those fateful months of 1928 increased the despair felt by people about this black moment in our history.

Photo: The Observer, Adelaide, February 2, 1929

On this day …….. 7th of August 1928

Dingo hunter Frederick Brooks is killed, sparking the Coniston Massacre of Australian Aborigines.

Coniston Station is a large cattle station in central Australia, about 300 km northwest of Alice Springs. Covering 2178 sq km, it is bordered by the Tanami Desert to the west. The cattle station was founded by pastoralist Randall Stafford in 1923 and named after a town in his native England. On 7 August 1928 the body of white dingo hunter, Frederick Brooks, was found on the property. Traditional aboriginal weapons lay nearby, implicating the local indigenous people. Constable William Murray, officer in charge at Barrow Creek, investigated and came to the conclusion that the killing had been done by members of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye people. Within a few days, Constable Murray began to take matters of ‘white justice’ into his own hands, instigating a series of revenge killings that came to be known as the Coniston Massacre. This was the last known massacre of Australian Aborigines. Between 14 and 30 August, Murray shot at least 17 members of the Aboriginal tribes he believed were responsible, and claimed his actions were made in self-defence and that each tribal member he had killed was in possession of some item belonging to Brooks. Murray was never punished for his actions. On the contrary, the Board of Enquiry members were selected to maximise damage-control. It was believed at the time that Murray’s actions were appropriate for the circumstances. The Central Land Council organised the seventy-fifth anniversary of the massacre, commemorated near Yuendumu on 24 September 2003.

 

List of Australian mass killings in order of victims

1850 – Gippsland massacres – VIC (1000)
1916 – Mowla Bluff massacre – WA (400)
1834 – Convincing Ground massacre – Vic (200)
1928 – Coniston massacre – NT (170)
1868 – Flying Foam massacre – WA (150)
1878 – Palmer massacre – QLD (150)
1628 – Shipwreck of the Batavia – WA (110)
1838 – Slaughterhouse Creek massacre – NSW (70)
1834 – Pinjarra Massacre – WA (40)
1839 – Murdering Gully massacre – Vic (40)
1839 – Campaspe Plains massacre – Vic (40)
1996 – Port Arthur massacre – Tas (35)
1828 – Cape Grim massacre – Tas (30)
1838 – Myall Creek massacre – NSW (30)
1840 – Maria massacred – SA (25)
1861 – Cullin-La-Ringo massacre – QLD (19)
2000 – Childers Palace Backpackers fire – QLD (15)
1973 – Whiskey Au Go Go nightclub fire – QLD (15)
1926 – Forrest River massacre – WA (11)
2011 – Quakers Hill Nursing Home Fire – NSW (11)
1971 – Hope Forest massacre – SA (10)
2009 – Churchill Fire – Vic (10)
1987 – Queen Street massacre – Vic (8)
2014 – Cairns child killings – QLD (8)
1984 – Milperra massacre – NSW (7)
1987 – Hoddle Street massacre – Vic (7)
1991 – Strathfield massacre – NSW (7)
1911 – Ching family murders – QLD (6)
1988 – Oenpelli shootings – NT (6)
1992 – Central Coast massacre – NSW (6)
1996 – Hillcrest Murders – QLD (6)
1981 – Campsie murders – NSW (5 )
1984 – Wahroonga murders – NSW (5)
1987 – Top End Shooting – NT (5)
1987 – Canley Vale Huynh family murders – NSW (5)
1990 – Surry Hills shootings – NSW (5)
1993 – Cangai siege – NSW (5)
2009 – Lin family murders – NSW (5)
2014 – Hunt family murders – NSW (5)
1915 – Broken Hill massacre – NSW (4)
2011 – Hectorville siege – SA (3)
2014 – Logan shooting – Vic (3)
2014 – Sydney Siege – NSW (3)
2002 – Monash University Shooting – Vic (2)

On this day …….. 18th of October 1928

The Coniston Massacre was the last known massacre of Australian Aborigines. Occurring at Coniston cattle station, Northern Territory, Australia, it was a revenge killing for the death of dingo hunter Frederick Brooks, who was believed to have been killed by Aborigines in August 1928. Constable William Murray, officer in charge at Barrow Creek, investigated and came to the conclusion that the killing had been done by members of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye people. There were no witnesses, and apparent inconsistencies in Murray’s report were never questioned. Murray took matters into his own hand. Over the next few days, up until 30 August, he shot 17 members of the Aboriginal tribes he believed were responsible, and claimed his actions were made in self-defence and that each tribal member he had killed was in possession of some item belonging to Brooks. In the ensuing weeks, Murray again encountered several groups of Aborigines while investigating another non-fatal attack on a settler named Nugget Morton at Broadmeadows Station. Together with Morton, one other white man and an aboriginal boy, Murray embarked on a campaign of revenge, during which another 14 Aborigines were killed. He returned to Alice Springs with his report on 18 October 1928. Murray was never punished for his actions. On the contrary, the Board of Enquiry members were selected to maximise damage-control. It was believed at the time that Murray’s actions were appropriate for the circumstances. The Central Land Council organised the seventy-fifth anniversary of the massacre, commemorated near Yuendumu on 24 September 2003.

 

On This Day ….. 14th August 1928

The Coniston massacre, which took place from 14 August to 18 October 1928 near the Coniston cattle station in Northern Territory, Australia, was the last known officially sanctioned massacre of Indigenous Australians and one of the last events of the Australian Frontier Wars. People of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye groups were killed. The massacre occurred in revenge for the death of dingo hunter Frederick Brooks, killed by Aboriginal people in August 1928 at a place now known as Yukurru, (also known as Brooks Soak). Official records at the time stated that 31 people were killed. The owner of Coniston station, Randall Stafford, was a member of the punitive party for the first few days and estimated that at least twice that number were killed between 14 August and 1 September. Historians estimate that at least 60 and as many as 110 Aboriginal men, women and children were killed. The Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye believe that up to 170 died between 14 August and 18 October.

The Board of Enquiry found that Murray and his party had acted in self-defence. The Board and its findings were widely criticised for having no Aboriginal witnesses except the tracker Paddy, no counsel for Aboriginal people, and that the evidence was not made public. The loss of so many people has long been a cause of deep sadness to Aboriginal people in the region. The lack of acknowledgment by the non-Aboriginal community of what occurred during those fateful months of 1928 increased the despair felt by people about this black moment in our history.

Photo: The Observer, Adelaide, February 2, 1929

On this day …….. 7th of August 1928

Dingo hunter Frederick Brooks is killed, sparking the Coniston Massacre of Australian Aborigines.

Coniston Station is a large cattle station in central Australia, about 300 km northwest of Alice Springs. Covering 2178 sq km, it is bordered by the Tanami Desert to the west. The cattle station was founded by pastoralist Randall Stafford in 1923 and named after a town in his native England. On 7 August 1928 the body of white dingo hunter, Frederick Brooks, was found on the property. Traditional aboriginal weapons lay nearby, implicating the local indigenous people. Constable William Murray, officer in charge at Barrow Creek, investigated and came to the conclusion that the killing had been done by members of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye people. Within a few days, Constable Murray began to take matters of ‘white justice’ into his own hands, instigating a series of revenge killings that came to be known as the Coniston Massacre. This was the last known massacre of Australian Aborigines. Between 14 and 30 August, Murray shot at least 17 members of the Aboriginal tribes he believed were responsible, and claimed his actions were made in self-defence and that each tribal member he had killed was in possession of some item belonging to Brooks. Murray was never punished for his actions. On the contrary, the Board of Enquiry members were selected to maximise damage-control. It was believed at the time that Murray’s actions were appropriate for the circumstances. The Central Land Council organised the seventy-fifth anniversary of the massacre, commemorated near Yuendumu on 24 September 2003.

 

List of Australian mass killings in order of victims

1850 – Gippsland massacres – VIC (1000)
1916 – Mowla Bluff massacre – WA (400)
1834 – Convincing Ground massacre – Vic (200)
1928 – Coniston massacre – NT (170)
1868 – Flying Foam massacre – WA (150)
1878 – Palmer massacre – QLD (150)
1628 – Shipwreck of the Batavia – WA (110)
1838 – Slaughterhouse Creek massacre – NSW (70)
1834 – Pinjarra Massacre – WA (40)
1839 – Murdering Gully massacre – Vic (40)
1839 – Campaspe Plains massacre – Vic (40)
1996 – Port Arthur massacre – Tas (35)
1828 – Cape Grim massacre – Tas (30)
1838 – Myall Creek massacre – NSW (30)
1840 – Maria massacred – SA (25)
1861 – Cullin-La-Ringo massacre – QLD (19)
2000 – Childers Palace Backpackers fire – QLD (15)
1973 – Whiskey Au Go Go nightclub fire – QLD (15)
1926 – Forrest River massacre – WA (11)
2011 – Quakers Hill Nursing Home Fire – NSW (11)
1971 – Hope Forest massacre – SA (10)
2009 – Churchill Fire – Vic (10)
1987 – Queen Street massacre – Vic (8)
2014 – Cairns child killings – QLD (8)
1984 – Milperra massacre – NSW (7)
1987 – Hoddle Street massacre – Vic (7)
1991 – Strathfield massacre – NSW (7)
1911 – Ching family murders – QLD (6)
1988 – Oenpelli shootings – NT (6)
1992 – Central Coast massacre – NSW (6)
1996 – Hillcrest Murders – QLD (6)
1981 – Campsie murders – NSW (5 )
1984 – Wahroonga murders – NSW (5)
1987 – Top End Shooting – NT (5)
1987 – Canley Vale Huynh family murders – NSW (5)
1990 – Surry Hills shootings – NSW (5)
1993 – Cangai siege – NSW (5)
2009 – Lin family murders – NSW (5)
2014 – Hunt family murders – NSW (5)
1915 – Broken Hill massacre – NSW (4)
2011 – Hectorville siege – SA (3)
2014 – Logan shooting – Vic (3)
2014 – Sydney Siege – NSW (3)
2002 – Monash University Shooting – Vic (2)